ENN: Top Stories http://www.enn.com/ ENN RSS News Researchers Explore Psychological Effects of Climate Change http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53694 <p>Wildfires, extreme storms and major weather events can seem like a distant threat, but for those whose lives have been directly impacted by these events, the threat hits much closer to home.</p> Aid for Oceans and Fisheries in Developing World Drops by 30% http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/53693 <p>Financial aid to fisheries in developing countries has declined by 30 percent, finds a new study from UBC and Stockholm Resilience Centre researchers, published in <a target="_blank" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X17306310">Marine Policy</a>. Projects focusing on climate issues in fisheries had a 77 percent decline over the five years studied.</p> Ocean Waters Prevent Release of Ancient Methane http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53692 <p>Ocean sediments are a massive storehouse for the potent greenhouse gas methane.</p> Reimbursing Ranchers for Livestock Killed by Predators Supports Conservation Efforts http://www.enn.com/wildlife/article/53687 <p>Alberta’s predator compensation program offsets costs of conserving wildlife habitat on private lands in the province.</p> NASA IMERG Reveals Rainfall Rates of Tropical Cyclone Berguitta http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53686 <p>Heavy rain surrounded Tropical Cyclone Berguitta as it continued to move toward the island of Mauritius in the Southern Indian Ocean. NASA calculated the rate in which rain was falling within the hurricane-strength storm in the Southern Indian Ocean.</p> Coping With Climate Stress in Antarctica http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/53689 <p>Some Antarctic fish living in the planet’s coldest waters are able to cope with the stress of rising carbon dioxide levels in the ocean. They can even tolerate slightly warmer waters. But they can’t deal with both stressors at the same time, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.</p> Himawari-8 data assimilated simulation enables 10-minute updates of rain and flood predictions http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53690 <p>Using the power of Japan’s K computer, scientists from the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science and collaborators have shown that incorporating satellite data at frequent intervals—ten minutes in the case of this study—into weather prediction models can significantly improve the rainfall predictions of the models and allow more precise predictions of the rapid development of a typhoon.</p> Unexpected natural source of methane discovered http://www.enn.com/wildlife/article/53691 <p>Some nitrogen-fixing microorganisms contain an enzyme for the simultaneous production of ammonia and methane.</p> No-fishing zones help endangered penguins http://www.enn.com/wildlife/article/53688 <p>Small no-fishing zones around colonies of African penguins can help this struggling species, new research shows.</p> With China&#39;s Ban on Waste Imports, Europe Announces New Recycling Initiatives http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/53684 <p>In the wake of China’s ban on the import of foreign garbage, which took effect earlier this month, countries across the globe are scrambling to figure out what to do with the thousands of tons of trash piling up at their ports. Now, Europe has announced it is launching an aggressive new recycling initiative to reduce plastic waste and garbage exports.</p> With China&#39;s Ban on Waste Imports, Europe Announces New Recycling Initiatives http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/53684 <p>In the wake of China’s ban on the import of foreign garbage, which took effect earlier this month, countries across the globe are scrambling to figure out what to do with the thousands of tons of trash piling up at their ports. Now, Europe has announced it is launching an aggressive new recycling initiative to reduce plastic waste and garbage exports.</p> Scientists on the road to discovering impact of urban road dust http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/53682 <p>In an attempt to better understand the urban environment and its components, scientists have discovered that sunlight causes chemical reactions in the dust found on Edmonton roads.</p><p>“We found that when you shine light on road dust, it produces a reactive form of oxygen called singlet oxygen,” said environmental chemist Sarah Styler. “It acts as an oxidant in the environment and can cause or influence other chemical reactions.”</p> Wasatch Front Inversions Could Cause More Than 200 Cases of Pneumonia Each Year http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/53681 <p>Air pollution trapped along the Wasatch Front by winter inversions are estimated to send more than 200 people to the emergency room with pneumonia each year, according to a study by <a style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(43, 166, 203); text-decoration-line: none; line-height: inherit; font-family: SofiaProRegular, sofia-pro, " href="https://healthcare.utah.edu/">University of Utah Health</a> and <a style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(43, 166, 203); text-decoration-line: none; line-height: inherit; font-family: SofiaProRegular, sofia-pro, " href="https://intermountainhealthcare.org/">Intermountain Healthcare</a>. Bad air quality especially erodes the health of adults over age 65, a population particularly vulnerable to the effects of pneumonia.</p> Rhythmic interactions between cortical layers underlie working memory http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53679 <p>Working memory is a sort of “mental sketchpad” that allows you to accomplish everyday tasks such as calling in your hungry family’s takeout order and finding the bathroom you were just told “will be the third door on the right after you walk straight down that hallway and make your first left.” It also allows your mind to go from merely responding to your environment to consciously asserting your agenda.</p> When pests graze certain potatoes, yields double http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/53678 <p>When some Colombian potato varieties are lightly grazed by a pest, the plants respond by growing larger tubers, at times doubling their yields. Although many types of plants can repair pest damage while maintaining productivity, it’s rare to find species that actually overcompensate and increase productivity.</p> Scientists Discover 18 New Spider-Hunting Pelican Spiders in Madagascar http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/53677 <p>In 1854, a curious-looking spider was found preserved in 50 million-year-old amber. With an elongated neck-like structure and long mouthparts that protruded from the “head” like an angled beak, the arachnid bore a striking resemblance to a tiny pelican. A few decades later when living pelican spiders were discovered in Madagascar, arachnologists learned that their behavior is as unusual as their appearance, but because these spiders live in remote parts of the world they remained largely unstudied—until recently.</p> Biologists&#39; new peptide could fight many cancers http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53676 <p>MIT biologists have designed a new peptide that can disrupt a key protein that many types of cancers, including some forms of lymphoma, leukemia, and breast cancer, need to survive.</p> Weather anomalies accelerate the melting of sea ice http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/53680 <p>ETH researchers reveal why Arctic sea ice began to melt in the middle of winter two years ago – and that the increased melting of ice in summer is linked to recurring periods of fair weather.</p> Asthma Costs the U.S. Economy More than $80 Billion Per Year http://www.enn.com/health/article/53674 <p>Asthma costs the U.S. economy more than $80 billion annually in medical expenses, missed work and school days and deaths, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.<br /><br /> </p> Warming Signs: How Diminished Snow Cover Puts Species in Peril http://www.enn.com/wildlife/article/53675 <p>The wolverine is highly adapted to life in a snowy world. It has thick fur and snowshoe-like feet, and it dens high in the mountains as a way to avoid predators that aren’t as nimble in deep snow and to provide its kits with insulation from the bitter high-elevation cold.</p> Math Can Predict How Cancer Cells Evolve http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/53673 <p>Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found.</p> Northern corn leaf blight genes identified in new study http://www.enn.com/agriculture/article/53671 <p>Midwestern corn growers know the symptoms of northern corn leaf blight all too well: greenish-gray lesions on the leaves that can add up to major yield losses if not detected and treated early. Resistance genes have been identified in corn, but the fungal disease has found ways to sneak around corn’s defenses. Now, researchers have figured out how the fungus is outsmarting corn, and they may be able to use this information to help corn fight back.</p><p>“We were looking for genes in the fungus that trigger disease in corn. With this information, corn breeders could someday build more durable resistance in future hybrids,” says Santiago Mideros, plant pathologist in the Department of Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois.</p> Shale gas is one of the least sustainable ways to produce electricity http://www.enn.com/energy/article/53672 <p>Shale gas is one of least sustainable options for producing electricity, according to new research from The University of Manchester.</p><p>The major study, which is the first of its kind, considered environmental, economic and social sustainability of shale gas in the UK and compared it to other electricity generating options. These were coal, nuclear, natural gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), solar photovoltaics (PV), wind, hydro and biomass.</p> Europe&#39;s lost forests — study shows coverage has halved over six millennia http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/53670 <p>Academics in Sweden, Germany, France, Estonia and Switzerland sought to establish how the nature of Europe’s forests has changed over 11,000 years. More than half of Europe’s forests have disappeared over the past 6,000 years thanks to increasing demand for agricultural land and the use of wood as a source of fuel, new research led by the University of Plymouth suggests.</p> How Incurable Mitochondrial Diseases Strike Previously Unaffected Families http://www.enn.com/health/article/53669 <p>Researchers have shown for the first time how children can inherit a severe – potentially fatal – mitochondrial disease from a healthy mother. The study, led by researchers from the <a target="_blank" href="http://www.mrc-mbu.cam.ac.uk/">MRC Mitochondrial Biology Unit</a> at the University of Cambridge, reveals that healthy people harbour mutations in their mitochondrial DNA and explains how cases of severe mitochondrial disease can appear unexpectedly in previously unaffected families.</p>