ENN: Top Stories http://www.enn.com/ ENN RSS News NASA Gets an Infrared View of Large Tropical Storm Jose http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52597 <p>Satellite imagery shows that Jose is a large storm, with a large reach. NASA’s Aqua satellite captured cloud top temperatures of Tropical Storm Jose that revealed the strongest storms were in the northeastern part of the tropical cyclone but the storm is so large that it is causing dangerous ocean conditions from Bermuda to the U.S. East coast.</p> Ageing Star Blows Off Smoky Bubble http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52596 <p>In the faint southern constellation of <a style="box-sizing: border-box; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; color: rgb(66, 139, 202); text-decoration-line: none; font-family: " href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antlia">Antlia (The Air Pump)</a> the careful observer with binoculars will spot a very red star, which varies slightly in brightness from week to week. This very unusual star is called <a style="box-sizing: border-box; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; color: rgb(66, 139, 202); text-decoration-line: none; font-family: " href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Antliae">U Antliae</a> and new observations with the <a style="box-sizing: border-box; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; color: rgb(66, 139, 202); text-decoration-line: none; font-family: " href="http://www.eso.org/public/teles-instr/alma/">Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array</a> (ALMA) are revealing a remarkably thin spherical shell around it.</p> Breaking Legume&#39;s Crop Wild Relative Barrier http://www.enn.com/agriculture/article/52595 <p>Domesticating plants to grow as crops can turn out to be a double-edged scythe.</p> Forest Fire Pollution Wreaks Havoc on Wildlife http://www.enn.com/wildlife/article/52594 <p>Forest fires in Southeast Asia during the El Niño droughts of 2015 caused considerable disruption to the biodiversity of the region due to the smoke-induced ‘haze’ they created, according to new research led by Benjamin Lee at the University of Kent and the National Parks Board in Singapore.</p> Hold the Phone: An Ambulance Might Lower Your Chances of Surviving Some Injuries http://www.enn.com/health/article/52593 <p>Victims of gunshots and stabbings are significantly less likely to die if they’re taken to the trauma center by a private vehicle than ground emergency medical services (EMS), according to results of a new analysis.</p> Penn Researchers Identify New Target, Develop New Drug for Cancer Therapies http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52592 <p>Opening up a new pathway to fight cancer, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have found a way to target an enzyme that is crucial to tumor growth while also blocking the mechanism that has made past attempts to target that enzyme resistant to treatment. Researchers were able to use this finding to develop a drug that successfully inhibits tumor growth of melanoma as well as pancreatic and colorectal cancer in mice. The journal Cancer Discovery <a href="http://cancerdiscovery.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2017/09/12/2159-8290.CD-17-0741">published the findings</a> online this month.</p> Is the Milky Way an &#39;Outlier&#39; Galaxy? Studying its &#39;Siblings&#39; for Clues http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52591 <p>The most-studied galaxy in the universe — the Milky Way — might not be as “typical” as previously thought, according to a new study.</p> Watch Out! Summer Rainfall Over the Yangtze River Valley After Similar El Nino Events Can Be Different http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52590 <p>It is widely recognized that rainfall over the Yangtze River valley (YRV) strengthens considerably during the decaying summer of El Niño, as demonstrated by the catastrophic flooding suffered in the summer of 1998. Nevertheless, the rainfall over the YRV in the summer of 2016 was much weaker than that in 1998, despite the intensity of the 2016 El Niño having been as strong as that in 1998. A group of scientists from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, have now revealed the remarkable role played by the mid-latitude circulation in this surprising feature.</p> Researchers take on atmospheric effects of Arctic snowmelt http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52589 <p>Researchers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks’ Geophysical Institute are exploring the changing chemistry of the Arctic’s atmosphere to help answer the question of what happens as snow and ice begin to melt.</p> Researchers take on atmospheric effects of Arctic snowmelt http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52589 <p>Researchers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks’ Geophysical Institute are exploring the changing chemistry of the Arctic’s atmosphere to help answer the question of what happens as snow and ice begin to melt.</p> Are cashiers at risk of dangerous chemical exposure through paper? http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/52587 <p>People who handle paper receipts regularly may be at increased risk for exposure to a chemical linked to breast and prostate cancers, according to new UAlberta research.</p><p>“We found that people who handled receipts printed on thermal paper containing the chemical had it lingering in their body for a week or more,” said Jiaying Liu, a PhD candidate in UAlberta’s Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology.</p> Peel-and-go printable structures fold themselves http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52588 <p>As 3-D printing has become a mainstream technology, industry and academic researchers have been investigating printable structures that will fold themselves into useful three-dimensional shapes when heated or immersed in water.</p><p>In a paper appearing in the American Chemical Society’s journal Applied Materials and Interfaces, researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and colleagues report something new: a printable structure that begins to fold itself up as soon as it’s peeled off the printing platform.</p> NASA Data Shows Otis Devoid of Precipitation, Now a Remnant http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52585 <p>Former Hurricane Otis was not showing any thunderstorm development or precipitation on satellite imagery on Sept. 19. As a result, the National Hurricane Center declared Otis a remnant low pressure area.</p> Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52584 <p>Teenagers who try e-cigarettes double their risk for smoking tobacco cigarettes, according to a new study.</p><p>The study — from the University of Waterloo and the Wake Forest School of Medicine — found that students in grades seven to 12 who had tried an e-cigarette are 2.16 times more likely to be susceptible to cigarette smoking.</p> Fuel from waste and electricity? http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/52583 <p>Technologies that allow the preservation of scarce fossil resources will pave the way towards resource security. The two main factors that contribute to a sustainable future industry are the source of electric energy and the carbon feedstock. First, the electrical power production based on renewable resources, such as wind and solar energy, is promoted. Second, renewable feedstocks and waste streams are considered as valuable precursors for the production of commodities and fuels. Building a bridge between both factors means linking the conversion of electric energy - especially from local peak productions - to chemical energy carriers and commodities. Researchers in a consortium led by Dr. Falk Harnisch from the UFZ show that this bridge can be build.</p> Putting the power to model pollution into your hands http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/52586 <p>At Carnegie Mellon, Professor Peter Adams is working to make sure that everyone who is affected by air pollution has the tools they need to understand the quality of their air.  When we talk about studying air pollution, we typically think of official government agencies and university labs, measuring particles and tracking wind speed—and with good reason. Until very recently, modeling the movement of pollution in the air required very complex calculations—models that often took days and even weeks to run. But air quality affects everyone: not just governments and universities, but average citizens, children, pets. At Carnegie Mellon, Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) and Engineering and Public Policy (EPP) Professor Peter Adams is working to make sure that everyone who is affected by air pollution has the tools they need to understand the quality of their air.</p> Emerging Disease Further Jeopardizes North American Frogs http://www.enn.com/ecosystems/article/52582 <p>A deadly amphibian disease called severe Perkinsea infections, or SPI, is the cause of many large-scale frog die-offs in the United States, according to a <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-10456-1?WT.feed_name=subjects_microbiology">new study by the U.S. Geological Survey</a>. </p><p>Frogs and salamanders are currently among the most threatened groups of animals on the planet. The two most common frog diseases, <a href="https://www2.usgs.gov/ecosystems/disease/chytrid.html">chytridiomycosis </a>and <a href="https://www.nwhc.usgs.gov/disease_information/other_diseases/ranavirus.jsp">ranavirus</a> infection, are linked to frog population declines worldwide. The new study suggests that that SPI is the third most common infectious disease of frogs.</p> End-of-Summer Arctic Sea Ice Extent Is Eighth Lowest on Record http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52581 <p>Arctic sea ice appeared to have reached its yearly lowest extent on Sept. 13, NASA and the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado Boulder have reported. Analysis of satellite data by NSIDC and NASA showed that at 1.79 million square miles (4.64 million square kilometers), this year’s Arctic sea ice minimum extent is the eighth lowest in the consistent long-term satellite record, which began in 1978.</p> Gulf Spill Oil Dispersants Associated with Health Symptoms in Cleanup Workers http://www.enn.com/pollution/article/52580 <p>Workers who were likely exposed to dispersants while cleaning up the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill experienced a range of health symptoms including cough and wheeze, and skin and eye irritation, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The study appeared online Sept. 15 in Environmental Health Perspectives and is the first research to examine dispersant-related health symptoms in humans.</p> New Method to Estimate Abundance, Detect Trends in North Atlantic Right Whales Confirms Recent Population Decline http://www.enn.com/wildlife/article/52579 <p>NOAA Fisheries researchers and colleagues at the New England Aquarium have developed a new model to improve estimates of abundance and population trends of endangered North Atlantic right whales, which have declined in numbers and productivity in recent years.  The findings were published in the journal Ecology and Evolution.</p> Rebuilding from 2011 Earthquake, Japanese Towns Choose to Go Off the Grid http://www.enn.com/energy/article/52578 <p>Many of the cities in northern Japan damaged by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami are building back their electric grids with renewable energy and micro-grids — bucking the nation’s old, centralized utility system by making communities in the region self-sufficient in generating electricity, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-japan-energy-revolution/quiet-energy-revolution-underway-in-japan-as-dozens-of-towns-go-off-the-grid-idUSKCN1BU0UT">Reuters reported</a>.</p> UK oil and gas reserves may last only a decade http://www.enn.com/energy/article/52577 <p>The Scottish and UK oil industries are entering their final decade of production, research suggests.</p><p>A study of output from offshore fields estimates that close to 10 per cent of the UK’s original recoverable oil and gas remains – about 11 per cent of oil and nine per cent of gas resources.</p><p>The analysis also finds that fracking will be barely economically feasible in the UK, especially in Scotland, because of a lack of sites with suitable geology.</p> NASA Sees Tropical Depression Norma&#39;s Small Area of Strength http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52576 <p>Infrared imagery from NASA&#39;s Aqua satellite has revealed that the area of strongest storms within now Tropical Depression Norma has diminished. </p> NASA Looks Within Category 5 Hurricane Maria Before and After First Landfall http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52575 <p>Satellite data is enabling forecasters to look inside and outside of powerful Hurricane Maria. A NASA animation of satellite imagery shows Hurricane Maria&#39;s first landfall on the island of Dominica. NASA&#39;s GPM satellite provided a 3-D look at the storms within that gave forecasters a clue to Maria strengthening into a Category 5 storm, and NASA&#39;s Aqua satellite gathered temperature data on the frigid cloud tops of the storm.</p> Satellites that Measure Ice Loss to Go Dark http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/52574 <p>The twin satellites that have been critical in measuring the world’s melting ice sheets for 15 years will soon shut down — months before their replacement is launched into orbit, NASA announced, creating a gap in the ice data record that has been instrumental in studying the impacts of global warming.</p>