From: Reuters
Published May 29, 2008 11:37 AM

OECD chief: GM crops yes, must rethink on biofuels

PARIS (Reuters) - OECD chief Angel Gurria threw his weight behind genetically modified crops as an antidote to high food prices.

Gurria, speaking after he and the head of the UN food agency presented a report forecasting high food prices over the next 10 years, was asked by Reuters when he left a news conference if he was calling outright for promotion of GM crops and a moratorium on government-supported promotion of biofuel.

"I am saying genetically modified crops are part of the solution," Gurria told Reuters.

The food price report by OECD and UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), published before the world food summit in Rome next week, suggested GM crops could help boost output to feed more people and livestock.

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It also questioned the merits of government-sponsored plans to promote the grain-guzzling production of ethanol fuels as an alternative transport fuel, but without calling outright for a repeal of big ethanol targets, such as exist in the United States and the European Union.

"I'm saying it's time for a serious review," he said when asked by Reuters to elaborate on the report. "We'll see then what action should be taken."

An OECD official who penned much of the report said another report on biofuel policies in particular would be completed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in a month or so, and that current biofuel promotion policies were based perhaps on hasty and oversimplistic assumptions.

"The benefits are probably less than expected," said Loek Boonekamp of the OECD agricultural policy division, adding that one-third of the food price increase of the decade ahead would be due solely to biofuel production.

FAO head Jacques Diouf, in Paris for the presentation of the report, declined to be drawn when asked if he too was demanding a freeze of government-aided, biofuel-promotion projects, but he said he feared further distortions were afoot.

"We mustn't repeat the same farm policy errors of the past, for which developing countries have paid dearly," he told the news conference, where he said the FAO-hosted food summit would draw 40 leaders and 1,500 envoys from 150 countries.

He said he hoped the summit would come up with both urgent answers to the rising hunger risk -- a matter of humanitarian aid primarily -- and ideas on long-term food security.

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