From: Hellen Berger, Associated Press
Published October 20, 2006 12:00 AM

Brazil Bus Company Begins Using Biofuel to Combat Pollution, Oil Dependence

SAO PAULO, Brazil -- A Brazilian bus company on Thursday said it has begun powering its fleet in South America's largest city with a new mix of biofuels and diesel in an effort to curb emissions and reduce reliance on fossil fuels.

The mix _ a blend of 30 percent biodiesel, 8 percent alcohol and 62 percent petroleum diesel _ will eventually be used by some 1,900 buses or about a quarter of Sao Paulo's entire bus fleet, said Paulo Mendes, director of B100, which was created by the Itaim Paulista bus company to research alternative fuels.

"We are worried about the environmental situation and about Brazil's dependency on international petroleum," Mendes said.

The fuel was developed as part of joint effort between B100 and state-run oil company Petroleo Brasileiro SA, or Petrobras.

"We now hold the patent for this fuel," Mendes said, adding that it could turn into a moneymaker through licensing.

Brazil has been a leader in the development of biofuels, with ethanol currently providing for about 17 percent of the country's fuel needs.

Brazil also will start requiring that biodiesel be added to regular diesel at a rate of 2 percent in 2008. By the year 2013, trucks will have to run on 5 percent biodiesel.

Source: Associated Press

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