Agriculture

Nigeria to roll out fungus-resistant soybean crops
August 12, 2009 10:22 AM - Semiu Babalola, SciDevNet

A variety of soybean resistant to a devastating Asian rust will soon be widely available in West and Central Africa. The rust, a fungal disease that entered Africa in 1996, can wipe out 80 per cent of infected crops.

In Indonesia Development of Cepu Oil Field Begins
August 10, 2009 06:34 AM - Ed Davies, Reuters

In Bojonegoro, Indonesia, development of a large oil field is likely to get the economy pumping. Oil production could start to flow from the huge Cepu field straddling East and Central Java later this month and eventually add millions of dollars to the coffers of local governments, as well as an influx of workers and a wave of new expectations.

Do Clouds Come From Outer Space?
August 9, 2009 10:21 AM - Phil Berardelli, Science

Most of Earth's clouds get their start in deep space. That's the surprising conclusion from a team of researchers who argue that interstellar cosmic rays collide with water molecules in our atmosphere to form overcast skies.

Alaskan Glaciers REALLY are Shrinking
August 8, 2009 10:00 AM - Thomas Schueneman, Global Warming is Real

"Fifty years of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) research on glacier change shows recent dramatic shrinkage of glaciers in three climatic regions of the United States. These long periods of record provide clues to the climate shifts that may be driving glacier change."

Alaska Glaciers Shrinking Fast
August 7, 2009 09:19 AM - Yereth Rosen, Reuters

Three major glaciers in Alaska and Washington state have thinned and shrunk dramatically, clear signs of a warming climate, according to a study released Thursday by the U.S. Geological Survey. The three glaciers -- Gulkana and Wolverine in Alaska and South Cascade in Washington -- are considered benchmarks for those in alpine and maritime climates because they closely parallel other glaciers in their regions. They have also been the subject of close scientific scrutiny since 1957.

Sustainable Agriculture: Perennial Plants Produce More; Landscape Diversity Creates Habitat For Pest Enemies
August 6, 2009 09:47 AM - ScienceDaily

Advances in ecology increasingly reveal that conventional agricultural practices have detrimental effects on the landscape ecology, creating problems for long-term sustainability of crops. Ecologists are exploring how our agricultural practices can take lessons from natural environments.

Deet Found to be Neurotoxic
August 6, 2009 06:49 AM - Science Daily

The active ingredient in many insect repellents, deet, has been found to be toxic to the central nervous system. Researchers say that more investigations are urgently needed to confirm or dismiss any potential neurotoxicity to humans, especially when deet-based repellents are used in combination with other neurotoxic insecticides.

USDA Proposes Label for Bio-based Products
August 5, 2009 09:57 AM - GreenBiz.com

The U.S. Department of Agriculture has proposed a labeling system to identify products made with renewable plant, animal and other bio-based materials.

Millennium Project Report Issued on the Future of the World
August 4, 2009 07:10 AM - Roger Greenway, ENN

A major report issued by the United Nations Millenium Project has just been released. It finds that half the world appears vulnerable to social instability and violence due to increasing and potentially prolonged unemployment from the recession as well as several longer-term issues: decreasing water, food, and energy supplies per person; the cumulative effects of climate change; and increasing migrations due to political, environmental, and economic conditions. It also finds some good in the global financial crisis, which may be helping humanity to move from its often selfish, self-centered adolescence to a more globally responsible adulthood.

Rich Nations Vulnerable to Water Disasters

The growing shortage of water - a perennial problem in the world's poorer nations - is expected to eventually reach the rich nations in the Western world.

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