Business

Climate change to push Ethiopian coffee farming uphill
July 27, 2017 11:00 AM - , SciDevNet

Relocating coffee areas, along with forestation and forest conservation, to higher altitudes to cope with climate change could increase Ethiopia‘s coffee farming area fourfold, a study predicts.

Rush Hour Pollution May Be More Dangerous Than You Think
July 21, 2017 02:51 PM - Duke University

The first in-car measurements of exposure to pollutants that cause oxidative stress during rush hour commutes has turned up potentially alarming results. The levels of some forms of harmful particulate matter inside car cabins was found to be twice as high as previously believed.

Most traffic pollution sensors are placed on the ground alongside the road and take continuous samples for a 24-hour period. Exhaust composition, however, changes rapidly enough for drivers to experience different conditions inside their vehicles than these roadside sensors. Long-term sampling also misses nuanced variabilities caused by road congestion and environmental conditions.

Global warming could result in losses for the European wine industry
July 13, 2017 02:17 PM - Taylor & Francis Group

Slight increases in temperature in Mediterranean regions from global warming could potentially result in labour, productivity and economic losses for the European wine industry, an article in the journal Temperature suggests.

Climate change could mean more weight restrictions and higher costs for airlines
July 13, 2017 02:09 PM - Springer

As air temperatures rise at constant pressure, the density of air declines and this makes it harder for an airplane to take off. Increased air temperatures due to climate change could therefore present a new challenge for the aviation industry. This is according to Ethan Coffel of Columbia University in the US, lead author of a study in Climatic Change Letters which is a section in Springer’s journal Climatic Change

France Will Ditch Gas and Diesel Cars by 2040
July 12, 2017 10:28 AM - S.E. Smith, Care2, Care2

Parisian streets will be a little quieter in 2040, the year France has set as a target for getting gas and diesel cars off the road. French officials are speaking out on the need to commit to environmental health, and this initiative accompanies other programs aimed at reducing the country’s carbon emissions.

Could concrete help solve the problem of air pollution?
July 10, 2017 12:48 PM - Stony Brook University

Study indicates concrete construction waste can help rid the air of sulfur dioxide, a major pollutant.

Mapping The Potential Economic Effects Of Climate Change
June 30, 2017 06:43 AM - Christopher Joyce, NPR

Climate scientists agree that this century is getting much warmer and that such warming will likely bring economic pain to the U.S., but economists aren't sure how much. Now, a team of scientists and economists, writing in the upcoming issue of the journal Science, says it can at least tell which parts of the country are likely to suffer the most.

Regulating the indirect land use carbon emissions from biofuels imposes high hidden costs on fuel consumers
June 27, 2017 10:14 AM - University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES)

Farmers earn more profits when there is demand for corn for biofuel instead of for food only. This can lead some to convert grasslands and forests to cropland. This conversion, also called indirect land use change, can have large-scale environmental consequences, including releasing stored carbon into the atmosphere. To penalize the carbon emissions from this so-called indirect land use change, the USEPA and California Air Resources Board include an indirect land use change factor when considering the carbon savings with biofuels for their compliance with the federal Renewable Fuel Standard or California’s Low-Carbon Fuel Standard.

Antibacterials in Many Consumer Products Cause More Harm Than Good
June 21, 2017 06:55 AM - YaleEnvironment360

Two antimicrobial chemicals already banned in antiseptic wash products by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration are still found in more than 2,000 widely used consumer products, despite offering no health benefits and actually causing health and environmental harm, according to more than 200 scientists and medical professionals.

Eco-label in exchange for less chemicals on rice fields
June 2, 2017 10:01 AM - Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Money isn't always everything: Taiwanese rice farmers are willing to produce in a more environmentally friendly fashion if this would earn them an eco-label for their products. For such a label, they are even prepared to accept lower compensation payments for a reduction in the use of fertilizers. These were the findings of a study conducted by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) at the Chair Group for Agricultural Production and Resource Economics for agricultural enterprises. For this study, incentives for agri-environmental measures were investigated, such as more sustainable cultivation methods.

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