Climate

What Climate-Conscious Cities Can Learn From Each Other
November 17, 2017 11:54 AM - Wired

In many ways, Essen is the envy of cities trying to move past their industrial days. Once the steel and coal center of Germany, Essen’s economic success in the early 20th century was evident in the dust blanketing the city and sulfur filling the air with the constant stench of rotten eggs. By one resident’s account, coal miners permanently wore black smudges across their faces, earning them the nickname waschbar, or “raccoons.”

What Climate-Conscious Cities Can Learn From Each Other
November 17, 2017 11:54 AM - Wired

In many ways, Essen is the envy of cities trying to move past their industrial days. Once the steel and coal center of Germany, Essen’s economic success in the early 20th century was evident in the dust blanketing the city and sulfur filling the air with the constant stench of rotten eggs. By one resident’s account, coal miners permanently wore black smudges across their faces, earning them the nickname waschbar, or “raccoons.”

The Importance of Biodiversity in Forests Could Increase Due to Climate Change
November 17, 2017 11:33 AM - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (IDIV) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

Leipzig. Forests fulfil numerous important functions, and do so particularly well if they are rich in different species of trees. This is the result of a new study. In addition, forest managers do not have to decide on the provision of solely one service – such as wood production or nature conservation – as a second study demonstrates: several services provided by forest ecosystems can be improved at the same time. Both studies were led by scientists from Leipzig University and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), and published in the prestigious journal Ecology Letters.

The Importance of Biodiversity in Forests Could Increase Due to Climate Change
November 17, 2017 11:33 AM - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (IDIV) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

Leipzig. Forests fulfil numerous important functions, and do so particularly well if they are rich in different species of trees. This is the result of a new study. In addition, forest managers do not have to decide on the provision of solely one service – such as wood production or nature conservation – as a second study demonstrates: several services provided by forest ecosystems can be improved at the same time. Both studies were led by scientists from Leipzig University and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), and published in the prestigious journal Ecology Letters.

Groundwater Depletion Could be Significant Source of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
November 16, 2017 01:03 PM - American Geophysical Union

Humans may be adding large amounts of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere by using groundwater faster than it is replenished, according to new research. This process, known as groundwater depletion, releases a significant amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere that has until now been overlooked by scientists in calculating carbon sources, according to the new study.

Climate Change Impacts Already Locked In — But The Worst Can Still Be Avoided
November 16, 2017 11:49 AM - University of Exeter

Some impacts of global warming – such as sea level rise and coastal flooding – are already locked in and unavoidable, according to a major research project. 

Climate Change Impacts Already Locked In — But The Worst Can Still Be Avoided
November 16, 2017 11:49 AM - University of Exeter

Some impacts of global warming – such as sea level rise and coastal flooding – are already locked in and unavoidable, according to a major research project. 

Species in the North are More Vulnerable to Climate Change
November 16, 2017 11:45 AM - Lund University

Acclimation means the ability of both animals and plants to adjust their physiology when it gets hotter or colder. In this way, individual organs are able to interact effectively and various processes in the body function optimally in varying conditions.

New Research Could Predict La Niña Drought Years in Advance
November 16, 2017 11:41 AM - University of Texas at Austin

Two new studies from The University of Texas at Austin have significantly improved scientists’ ability to predict the strength and duration of droughts caused by La Niña – a recurrent cooling pattern in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Their findings, which predict that the current La Niña is likely to stretch into a second year, could help scientists know years in advance how a particular La Niña event is expected to evolve.

New Research Could Predict La Niña Drought Years in Advance
November 16, 2017 11:41 AM - University of Texas at Austin

Two new studies from The University of Texas at Austin have significantly improved scientists’ ability to predict the strength and duration of droughts caused by La Niña – a recurrent cooling pattern in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Their findings, which predict that the current La Niña is likely to stretch into a second year, could help scientists know years in advance how a particular La Niña event is expected to evolve.

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