Ecosystems

50-years of Data From a 'Living Oxygen Minimum' Lab Could Help Predict the Oceans' Future
November 2, 2017 10:36 AM - University of British Columbia

Canadian and US Department of Energy researchers have released 50 years’ worth of data chronicling the deoxygenating cycles of a fjord off Canada’s west coast, and detailing the response of the microbial communities inhabiting the fjord.

New "atlas" reveals Earth's microscopic communities
November 2, 2017 08:14 AM - NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)

The planet is home to a vast number of microscopic living organisms - plants, animals, and bacteria- found from deep sea volcanoes to the highest mountain peaks. These organisms too small to be seen by the naked eye affect both human health and the health of the world’s ecosystems. Despite their centrality to life on Earth, scientists have a limited understanding of their fundamental structure.

Versatile marine bacteria could be an influence on global warming, scientists discover
November 1, 2017 04:39 PM - University of Southampton

Scientists have discovered that a 'rare' type of marine bacteria is much more widespread than previously thought - and possesses a remarkable metabolism that could contribute to greenhouse gas production.

Stanford Researchers Seek Citizen Scientists to Contribute to Worldwide Mosquito Tracking
October 31, 2017 03:10 PM - Stanford University

It’s a sound that can keep even the weariest among us from falling asleep: the high-pitched whine of a mosquito. This irritating buzz already makes us run, slap and slather on repellant. But if Stanford University researchers have their way, it may also prompt us to take out our cellphones and do a little science.

Spooky Conservation: Saving Endangered Species Over Our Dead Bodies
October 31, 2017 02:40 PM - University of Queensland

The secret to the survival of critically endangered wildlife could lie beyond the grave, according to a University of Queensland researcher.

Future Climate Change May Not Adversely Impact Seafood Quality, Research Suggests
October 31, 2017 02:32 PM - University of Plymouth

The eating qualities of UK oysters may not be adversely affected by future ocean acidification and global warming, new research has suggested.

FUTURE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS COULD CAUSE MORE CLIMATE DISRUPTION
October 31, 2017 10:13 AM - National Center for Atmospheric Research

Major volcanic eruptions in the future have the potential to affect global temperatures and precipitation more dramatically than in the past because of climate change, according to a new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Technologies shine spotlight on climate role of undersea canyons
October 31, 2017 08:30 AM - University of Victoria

Unprecedented high-resolution data from undersea canyons off Vancouver Island’s west coast is bringing new understanding of the importance of these canyons as rapid-transit corridors for carrying carbon from the ocean surface to the deep sea.

An international study co-led by Ocean Networks Canada (ONC) staff scientist and University of Victoria biologist Fabio De Leo uses synchronized real-time data from “Wally” the deep-sea crawler and NASA’s MODIS satellite for the first time to measure carbon transport from the sea surface to the deep ocean by wintertime ocean circulation, canyon rim eddies and downwelling – the sinking of dense, cold water beneath lighter, warmer water.

Every day is Halloween for these eerie insects
October 31, 2017 08:30 AM - Dalhousie University

With Halloween upon us, it’s worth remembering that living things take part in similar costume parties all year long, adopting weird and wonderful forms.

Though rather than a haul of candy, organisms might earn the chance to live, prosper and mate. It’s all part of evolution, the principle where the fittest individuals pass their genes onto the next generation.

Cover Crops Provide Bed and Breakfast Layover for Migrating Birds
October 30, 2017 12:18 PM - University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES)

After harvesting a corn or soybean crop, farmers may plant a cover crop for a variety of reasons—to reduce soil erosion and nutrient runoff, increase organic matter in the soil, and improve water quality. Now there’s another reason. University of Illinois research shows that migratory birds prefer to rest and refuel in fields with cover crops.

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