Health

New Report Finds EPA's Controlled Human Exposure Studies of Air Pollution Are Warranted
March 28, 2017 02:21 PM - National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) carries out experiments in which volunteer participants agree to be intentionally exposed by inhalation to specific pollutants at restricted concentrations over short periods to obtain important information about the effects of outdoor air pollution on human health.  A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds these studies are warranted and recommends that they continue under ­­two conditions: when they provide additional knowledge that informs policy decisions and regulation of pollutants that cannot be obtained by other means, and when it is reasonably predictable that the risks for study participants will not exceed biomarker or physiologic responses that are of short duration and reversible.

New Report Finds EPA's Controlled Human Exposure Studies of Air Pollution Are Warranted
March 28, 2017 02:21 PM - National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) carries out experiments in which volunteer participants agree to be intentionally exposed by inhalation to specific pollutants at restricted concentrations over short periods to obtain important information about the effects of outdoor air pollution on human health.  A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds these studies are warranted and recommends that they continue under ­­two conditions: when they provide additional knowledge that informs policy decisions and regulation of pollutants that cannot be obtained by other means, and when it is reasonably predictable that the risks for study participants will not exceed biomarker or physiologic responses that are of short duration and reversible.

Tetris used to prevent post-traumatic stress symptoms
March 28, 2017 08:43 AM - University of Oxford

Researchers have been able to demonstrate how the survivors of motor vehicle accidents have fewer such symptoms if they play Tetris in hospital within six hours of admission after also having been asked to recall their memory of the accident. The results of the study, which was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet with colleagues at Oxford University and elsewhere, are published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

Tetris used to prevent post-traumatic stress symptoms
March 28, 2017 08:43 AM - University of Oxford

Researchers have been able to demonstrate how the survivors of motor vehicle accidents have fewer such symptoms if they play Tetris in hospital within six hours of admission after also having been asked to recall their memory of the accident. The results of the study, which was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet with colleagues at Oxford University and elsewhere, are published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

Scientists Discover Mechanism That Causes Cancer Cells to Self-destruct
March 27, 2017 10:27 AM - American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Many cancer patients struggle with the adverse effects of chemotherapy, still the most prescribed cancer treatment. For patients with pancreatic cancer and other aggressive cancers, the forecast is more grim: there is no known effective therapy.

Scientists Discover Mechanism That Causes Cancer Cells to Self-destruct
March 27, 2017 10:27 AM - American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Many cancer patients struggle with the adverse effects of chemotherapy, still the most prescribed cancer treatment. For patients with pancreatic cancer and other aggressive cancers, the forecast is more grim: there is no known effective therapy.

The skin cancer screening paradigm: reviewing current guidelines for detecting melanoma in the US
March 27, 2017 10:05 AM - Future Science Group

The Future Science Group (FSG) journal Melanoma Management, today announces the publication of a new perspective article, in which over 50 leaders in the dermatology field critically assess current screening practice for melanoma.

The skin cancer screening paradigm: reviewing current guidelines for detecting melanoma in the US
March 27, 2017 10:05 AM - Future Science Group

The Future Science Group (FSG) journal Melanoma Management, today announces the publication of a new perspective article, in which over 50 leaders in the dermatology field critically assess current screening practice for melanoma.

Veterinary Medicine researchers explain One Health concept
March 27, 2017 08:55 AM - University of Calgary

If you’re bewildered by the term "One Health," you’re not alone. While the use of One Health approaches to solve complex health issues isn’t new, disagreement over a definition has, at times, complicated the concept’s development.

Surprising culprit in nerve cell damage identified
March 24, 2017 10:04 AM - Washington University School of Medicine

Findings suggest ways to block nerve cell damage in neurodegenerative diseases.

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