First-ever study to link increased mortality specifically to carbon dioxide emissions
January 4, 2008 09:05 AM - Stanford University

A Stanford scientist has spelled out for the first time the direct links between increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and increases in human mortality, using a state-of-the-art computer model of the atmosphere that incorporates scores of physical and chemical environmental processes. The new findings, to be published in Geophysical Research Letters, come to light just after the Environmental Protection Agency’s recent ruling against states setting specific emission standards for this greenhouse gas based in part on the lack of data showing the link between carbon dioxide emissions and their health effects.

Childhood pneumonia can be treated at home, say scientists
January 3, 2008 09:12 PM - Reuters

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Treating severe pneumonia in children at home with oral antibiotics works just as well as treating them with intravenous drugs at a hospital as advised by the World Health Organization, scientists said on Thursday.

J&J drugs don't work in treating aggression: study
January 3, 2008 07:02 PM - Reuters

LONDON (Reuters) - Two Johnson & Johnson antipsychotic drugs long used to treat aggressive behavior in people with limited intelligence do not work and should not be prescribed for these patients, researchers said on Friday.

Group sues U.S. in push for new antibiotic warning
January 3, 2008 04:16 PM - Reuters

The antibiotics -- widely prescribed for gastrointestinal, respiratory and urinary tract infections -- include Johnson & Johnson's Levaquin and Bayer AG's Cipro and Avelox. Cipro also is sold by generic companies under the name ciprofloxacin.

Handling Pesticides Associated With Greater Asthma Risk In Farm Women
January 3, 2008 10:13 AM - American Thoracic Society

"Farm women are an understudied occupational group," said Jane Hoppin, Sc.D., of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and lead author of the study. "More than half the women in our study applied pesticides, but there is very little known about the risks."

Drug found better at suppressing hep B virus
January 3, 2008 08:48 AM - Reuters

Two international studies of a new drug, telbivudine, have produced potentially good news for hepatitis B patients, showing that it suppresses the virus that damages the liver faster and better than other treatments. Chronically infected people are at high risk of death from cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer, diseases that kill about one million people a year, the World Health Organization says.

Israel investigates suspected bird flu in chickens
January 3, 2008 07:42 AM - Reuters

"The H5 bird flu strain has been found in the fowl," the Health Ministry said in a statement, referring to 18 dead chickens found in the kindergarten, which was ordered closed for two days.

Chronic inflammation not linked to ovarian cancer
January 2, 2008 02:24 PM - Reuters

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The results of a study published in the International Journal of Cancer suggest that most factors that may cause inflammation of the ovaries are not associated with a statistically significant increased risk of ovarian cancer.

Racial gap in ER opioid use still persists
January 2, 2008 01:55 PM - Reuters

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Since national quality improvement initiatives were introduced in the United States in the late 1990s, use of opioid painkillers in the emergency room (ER) setting for pain-related visits has increased, new research shows. However, white patients continue to be treated more often with these pain-relievers than patients of other racial groups.

Nonfat milk linked to prostate cancer
January 2, 2008 01:50 PM - Reuters

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The amount of calcium and vitamin D in the diet appears to have little or no impact on the risk of prostate cancer, but the consumption of low-fat or nonfat milk may increase the risk of the malignancy, according to the results of two studies published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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