Health

Kids At Risk, Christian Leaders Call For FDA To Control Tobacco
August 28, 2007 04:53 PM - Paul Schaefer, ENN

NASHVILLE - A diverse coalition of clergy and lay members from throughout Tennessee called on southern congressmen and women to support legislation that gives the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authority over tobacco products. The new legislation would protect kids from tobacco and save lives. As members of the House Subcommittee on Health, Representatives Gordon and Blackburn will play a key role in advancing this legislation, H.R. 1108, The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.

Bacteria Sense Light, Use It To Regulate Virulence
August 28, 2007 04:39 PM - UC Santa Cruz

University of California, Santa Cruz - The bacteria that cause brucellosis can sense light and use the information to regulate their virulence, according to a study in the August 24 issue of the journal Science. The discovery comes after 120 years of research into the disease, which causes abortions in livestock and fevers in humans. Researchers found that two other bacteria, including a species that attacks plants, sense light using the same type of protein structure, and at least 94 more species possess the code for it in their DNA.

U.S. Obesity Epidemic Grows: Mississippi Worst For Adults, D.C. For Kids
August 28, 2007 04:31 PM - Paul Schaefer, ENN

WASHINGTON - Adult obesity rates rose in 31 states last year, according to the fourth annual "F as in Fat: How Obesity Policies are Failing in America, 2007" report. The report is assembled by a group called the Trust for America's Health. 22 states experienced an increase for the second year in a row; not one state decreased. A new public opinion survey featured in the report finds 85 percent of Americans believe that obesity is an epidemic.

New Study: 'Designer Estrogen' May Be Potential MS Drug
August 28, 2007 10:56 AM - University of California, Los Angeles

University of California Los Angeles - Scientists have found the first evidence that a specific form of estrogen can protect the brain from degeneration associated with multiple sclerosis without increasing the risk of estrogen-induced cancers of the breast and uterus. The study took place in mice infected with the animal equivalent of MS.

Traditional Chinese Herbal Formula Effective In Treating Menstrual Discomfort
August 28, 2007 10:12 AM - Lan Lan Liang Yeh, PLoS Online

TAIPEI, TAIWAN - A new study shows that an 800 year old traditional Chinese medicine formula called "Four Agents Decoction", when used over time, is effective in helping relieve menstrual discomfort in young women. This was the first systematic evaluation of the herbal preparation. Scientists applied Western methodology to assess the herb's effectiveness and safety, both for primary dysmenorrhoea (menstrual discomfort) and to evaluate the compliance and feasibility for a future trial.

Vitamin D: How Much is Enough?
August 28, 2007 07:12 AM - Harvard Public Health Review

While vitamin D’s role in strengthening bones is well established, its links to cancer and immune-system malfunctions have only recently emerged. At the Harvard School of Public Health, nutrition experts say large segments of the population don’t get enough vitamin D and are urging the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to raise the daily recommended dose, from 400 international units to 800. For an update on what’s known so far about this important nutrient, the Harvard Public Health Review spoke with HSPH Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology Edward Giovannucci.

Stem Cells Repair Rat Hearts Damaged By Heart Attack
August 27, 2007 08:43 PM - Justin Reedy , University of Washington

University of Washington - Researchers were successful in getting human-derived heart muscle cells to graft into rat hearts and thrive alongside the rat's normal heart muscle cells. Researchers were also able to use human-derived stem cells to grow a heart muscle graft in a rat heart damaged by a heart attack. The human-derived cells incorporated with scar tissue and regular heart muscle cells.

Scientists Say "Fat Eggs" Cause Of Infertility In Obese Women
August 27, 2007 07:55 PM - University of Adelaide

AUSTRALIA University of Adelaide - A University of Adelaide researcher has discovered scientific evidence that obesity is a key factor in infertility - because of how it affects women's eggs. While obesity has long been thought to be a major factor in couples' inability to conceive, this is the first time the effects of obesity on the egg have been discovered.

100-Pound Weight Loss Possible With Behavioral Changes
August 27, 2007 07:40 PM - Paul Schaefer, ENN

Lexington, KY - A new study indicates that with behavior change, humans can loose a lot of weight, in a relatively short period of time. The study tracked 118 men and women over nine years. Those 63 men and 55 women were part of a study led by Dr. James Anderson, head of the UK College of Medicine Metabolic Research Group. The average beginning weight of study participants was 353 pounds. The average weight loss was 134 pounds in 44 weeks.

Kids Burn More Fat, Need More Fat, Than Adults
August 27, 2007 07:34 PM - Reuters Health

NEW YORK - Children burn more body fat day-to-day than adults do, underscoring their need for a little extra fat in their diets, according to researchers. Though many adults try to limit their fat intake for the sake of their hearts and waistlines, experts recommend that parents allow more leeway in their children's diets.

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