Because doctors sometimes have to inflict pain on their patients as part of the healing process, they also must develop the ability to not be distracted by the suffering, said Jean Decety, Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University and co-author of “Expertise Modulates the Perception of Pain in Others,” published in the Oct. 9 issue of Current Biology and currently available on-line.
Researchers Discover Link Between Schizophrenia, Autism and Maternal Flu
October 3, 2007 08:05 PM -
PASADENA, Calif.- A team of California Institute of Technology researchers has found an unexpected link connecting schizophrenia and autism to the importance of covering your mouth whenever you sneeze.
It has been known for some time that schizophrenia is more common among people born in the winter and spring months, as well as in people born following influenza epidemics. Recent studies suggest that if a woman suffers even one respiratory infection during her second trimester, her offspring's risk of schizophrenia rises by three to seven times.
Since schizophrenia and autism have a strong (though elusive) genetic component, there is no absolute certainty that infection will cause the disorders in a given case, but it is believed that as many as 21 percent of known cases of schizophrenia may have been triggered in this way. The conclusion is that susceptibility to these disorders is increased by something that occurs to mother or fetus during a bout with the flu.
To Treat Patients Doctors' Alter Own Pain Responses: Study
October 3, 2007 07:31 PM -
CHICAGO - Physicians apparently learn to “shut off” the portion of their brain that helps them appreciate the pain their patients experience while treating them and instead activate a portion of the brain connected with controlling emotions, according to new research using brain scans at the University of Chicago.
DNA test could detect cervical cancer early: study
October 3, 2007 07:15 PM - Michael Kahn, Reuters
LONDON (Reuters) - A DNA test for the virus that causes cervical cancer helps detect potentially dangerous lesions earlier than the commonly used pap smear technique, Dutch researchers said on Thursday.
The test could mean fewer screenings for women and ensure that they receive earlier treatment for lesions that might lead to cancer, they said in the journal Lancet.
"It is a better test because you pick up more lesions," Chris Meijer, a pathologist at VU University Medical Centre in Amsterdam, said in a telephone interview. "And because you pick them up earlier, you have more time to treat the women."
Contraception Ban Harms Philippine Women
October 3, 2007 11:37 AM - Aya Fujimura-Fanselow, Evan O'Neil, Global Policy Innovations Program
Our new report, "Imposing Misery," documents the impact of Manila's contraception ban on women and their families. It was a joint effort between three groups: the International Legal Program here at the Center for Reproductive Rights; Likhaan, a women's health organization based in Quezon City, Philippines; and ReproCen, a reproductive rights and health organization based at the University of the Philippines in Manila.
What’s that dear? Around 500 US cosmetics are unsafe?
October 3, 2007 07:56 AM - Chris, Environmental Graffiti
According to US NGO, the Environmental Working Group. The group has published research, revealing that 478 cosmetic products sold in the US contain doses of toxic chemicals which are unsafe, even when used as directed on the bottle! These would simply not be allowed in Canada, Japan or the EU 23,000 beauty products were tested and 751 failed to meet one or more US government safety standard. Large quantities of formaldehyde, selenium, hydrogen peroxide and lead acetate were found.
Green Doesn't Mean Sacrificing Lifestyle
October 3, 2007 07:29 AM - Reuters
MIAMI - Americans do not need to pare back their lifestyles to help protect the global environment but may need to use sugar or orange peel to power their energy-guzzling Hummers and Cigarette boats, Florida's governor said on Tuesday. Gov. Charlie Crist, who in July signed executive orders setting new limits on greenhouse gas emissions in his state, said he did not believe the American lifestyle was incompatible with the need to address climate change and reduce fossil fuel consumption.
Los Angeles School Gardens Take Root, Get Funding
October 2, 2007 09:46 PM -
LOS ANGELES - Some California schoolkids are going to have the opportunity to grow their lunch, and many more plants.
California Secretary of Agriculture, A.G. Kawamura, is scheduled to address the teachers and principals this week on the important role school gardens play on campus as "learning laboratories." LA schools will be receiving more than $1.7 million in CISGP grant funds to be used for supplies, professional development and technical assistance for school gardens at more than 500 sites this school year. More than 30,000 seedlings will be available for teachers who are interested in launching or enhancing their own school garden.
Movie Smoking Linked To Teen Smoking
October 2, 2007 09:19 PM - UC San Francisco, News
San Francisco, California - New study findings show that exposure to on-screen smoking in movies has a strong correlation with beginning to smoke or becoming established smokers among young adults 18-25, a critical age group for lifelong smoking behavior.
The research was conducted by a team from the University of California, San Francisco. Previous studies from around the world found that viewing on-screen smoking was linked to recruitment of adolescent smokers, but this is the first time that smoking among young adults has been associated with their exposure to smoking scenes on screen, said senior author Stanton Glantz, PhD, professor of medicine and director of the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.
"Ages 18 to 25 are critical years, when one-third of smokers start and others who began smoking as adolescents either stop smoking or become regular smokers," he said.
Lizzard Mating Game Offers Insight Into Humans
October 2, 2007 09:05 PM - UC Santa Cruz News
Santa Cruz, California - An intricate three-way mating struggle first observed in a species of North American lizard has been discovered in a distant relative, the European common lizard. The two species are separated by 5,000 miles and 175 million years of evolution, yet they share behavioral and reproductive details right down to the gaudy colors of the males, according to new research published in the November issue of American Naturalist and now available online.
The triangle of competing strategies, which biologists liken to the children's game rock-paper-scissors, may be far more common than previously recognized--and may even shape the way humans behave, according to lead author Barry Sinervo, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Obama would seek nuclear ban if elected
October 2, 2007 08:28 PM - Andrew Stern
CHICAGO (Reuters) - Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama said on Tuesday if elected president he would pursue a global ban on nuclear weapons as he sought to pick up ground on his front-running rival, Hillary Clinton.
"Here's what I'll say as president: America seeks a world in which there are no nuclear weapons," Obama said.
Obama marked the five-year anniversary of a speech he gave as a U.S. Senate candidate outlining his opposition to the Iraq war, noting it came just 10 days before his top rival for the party nomination, New York Sen. Clinton, voted to back the invasion of Iraq.
"Let's be clear: without that vote, there would be no war," Obama told DePaul University students. "This is not just a matter of debating the past. It's about who has the best judgment to make the critical decisions of the future."