Pollution

Behavioural science can help tackle problem of idling engines
February 10, 2017 11:44 AM - University of East Anglia

New research by academics at the University of East Anglia (UEA), University of Kent and University of Lincoln, suggests that insights from behavioural science can help inform the design of road signs to bring about changes in driver behaviour.

Research in behavioural science has demonstrated how even very minimal cues or ‘nudges’ can sometimes have a powerful influence on human behaviour and decision-making. In this study, the researchers applied this approach to examine whether simple visual and written cues could be used to encourage drivers to switch off their engines while waiting at railway crossings.

Litter Levels in the Depths of the Arctic are On the Rise
February 10, 2017 10:12 AM - Alfred-Wegener-Institut

The Arctic has a serious litter problem: in just ten years, the concentration of marine litter at a deep-sea station in the Arctic Ocean has risen 20-fold. This was recently reported in a study by researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI).

Litter Levels in the Depths of the Arctic are On the Rise
February 10, 2017 10:12 AM - Alfred-Wegener-Institut

The Arctic has a serious litter problem: in just ten years, the concentration of marine litter at a deep-sea station in the Arctic Ocean has risen 20-fold. This was recently reported in a study by researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI).

Unraveling the Myriad Causes Of North India's Pollution Pall
February 9, 2017 08:41 AM - Yale Environment 360

A brown cloud of air pollution now frequently shrouds much of northern India. It’s a growing regional health and environmental problem, and scientists are working to understand its many causes, which range from the burning of agricultural waste to auto emissions.

Unraveling the Myriad Causes Of North India's Pollution Pall
February 9, 2017 08:41 AM - Yale Environment 360

A brown cloud of air pollution now frequently shrouds much of northern India. It’s a growing regional health and environmental problem, and scientists are working to understand its many causes, which range from the burning of agricultural waste to auto emissions.

University of Toronto scientist says diesel trains may expose passengers to exhaust
February 8, 2017 08:29 AM - University of Toronto

A new U of T study finds that diesel trains may expose passengers to elevated levels of certain pollutants, especially if they are sitting directly behind the locomotive.

University of Toronto scientist says diesel trains may expose passengers to exhaust
February 8, 2017 08:29 AM - University of Toronto

A new U of T study finds that diesel trains may expose passengers to elevated levels of certain pollutants, especially if they are sitting directly behind the locomotive.

Air pollution linked to heightened risk of Type 2 diabetes in obese Latino children
February 7, 2017 04:52 PM - Zen Vuong via University of Southern California

Latino children who live in areas with higher levels of air pollution have a heightened risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, according to a new USC-led study.

Scientists tracked children’s health and respective levels of residential air pollution for about 3.5 years before associating chronic unhealthy air exposure to a breakdown in beta cells, special pancreatic cells that secrete insulin and maintain the appropriate sugar level in the bloodstream.

High Selenium Levels Found in Fish in N.C. Lakes Receiving Coal Ash Waste
February 7, 2017 04:47 PM - Duke University

A new Duke University study has found high levels of selenium in fish in three North Carolina lakes receiving power plants’ coal ash waste.

“Across the board, we’re seeing elevated selenium levels in fish from lakes affected by coal combustion residual effluents,” said Jessica Brandt, a doctoral student in environmental health at Duke’s Nicholas School of the Environment, who led the study.

Re-Purposing Air Pollution to make Air Inks
February 7, 2017 09:49 AM - Laura Briggs, The Ecologist

Imagine if you could take pollution produced by diesel engines and turn it into a non-carcinogenic substance used in ink, reducing the need for burning fossil fuels.

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