Study of round worm that returns to life after freezing
January 20, 2017 04:46 PM - British Artarctic Survey
The first molecular study of an organism able to survive intracellular freezing (freezing within its cells) is published this week by British Antarctic Survey (BAS), in collaboration with researchers from the University of Otago, New Zealand. The paper represents a milestone in scientists’ understanding of an extraordinary adaptation.
New Study Will Help Find the Best Locations for Thermal Power Stations in Iceland
January 20, 2017 09:55 AM -
A new research article, with lead authors from the University of Gothenburg, gives indications of the best places in Iceland to build thermal power stations.
In Iceland, heat is extracted for use in power plants directly from the ground in volcanic areas. Constructing a geothermal power station near a volcano can be beneficial, since Earth’s mantle is located relatively close to the crust in those areas, making the heat easily accessible. This means that the boreholes do not need to be very deep and the pipes to the power plant can be short.
SF State astronomer searches for signs of life on Wolf 1061 exoplanet
January 20, 2017 09:49 AM - Jamie Oppenheim via San Francisco State University
SF State astronomer Stephen Kane searches for signs of life in one of the extrasolar systems closest to Earth
Is there anybody out there? The question of whether Earthlings are alone in the universe has puzzled everyone from biologists and physicists to philosophers and filmmakers. It’s also the driving force behind San Francisco State University astronomer Stephen Kane’s research into exoplanets — planets that exist outside Earth’s solar system.
How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?
January 19, 2017 04:00 PM - UC Davis
Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.
Why do some trees die in a drought and others don’t? And how can we predict where trees are most likely to die in future droughts?
Heat from Earth's core could be underlying force in plate tectonics
January 18, 2017 03:46 PM - Greg Borzo
For decades, scientists have theorized that the movement of Earth’s tectonic plates is driven largely by negative buoyancy created as they cool. New research, however, shows plate dynamics are driven significantly by the additional force of heat drawn from the Earth’s core.
The new findings also challenge the theory that underwater mountain ranges known as mid-ocean ridges are passive boundaries between moving plates. The findings show the East Pacific Rise, the Earth’s dominant mid-ocean ridge, is dynamic as heat is transferred.
David B. Rowley, professor of geophysical sciences at the University of Chicago, and fellow researchers came to the conclusions by combining observations of the East Pacific Rise with insights from modeling of the mantle flow there. The findings were published Dec. 23 in Science Advances.
Prehistoric mega-lake sediment offers key insight into how inland regions responded to "super-greenhouse" event
January 18, 2017 02:56 PM - University of Exeter
Sediment found at the site of one of the largest lakes in Earth’s history could provide a fascinating new insight into how inland regions responded to global climate change millions of years ago.
A pioneering new study, carried out by a team of British-based researchers, has analysed sediments from the site of the vast lake which formed in the Sichuan Basin, in China, around 183 million years ago in the Jurassic period.
Green Sahara's Ancient Rainfall Regime Revealed by Scientists
January 18, 2017 02:43 PM - University Of Arizona
Rainfall patterns in the Sahara during the 6,000-year "Green Sahara" period have been pinpointed by analyzing marine sediments, according to new research led by a UA geoscientist.
What is now the Sahara Desert was the home to hunter-gatherers who made their living off the animals and plants that lived in the region's savannahs and wooded grasslands 5,000 to 11,000 years ago.
Extreme Space Weather-Induced Electricity Blackouts Could Cost U.S. More Than $40 Billion Daily
January 18, 2017 10:12 AM - American Geophysical Union
New study finds more than half the loss occurs outside the blackout zone.
The daily U.S. economic cost from solar storm-induced electricity blackouts could be in the tens of billions of dollars, with more than half the loss from indirect costs outside the blackout zone, according to a new study.
Biosimilars Create Opportunities for Sustainable Cancer Care
January 18, 2017 09:46 AM - European Society For Medical Oncology - ESMO
Lugano, Switzerland – Biosimilars create opportunities for sustainable cancer care, says the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) in a position paper published in ESMO Open. The document outlines approval standards for biosimilars, how to safely introduce them into the clinic, and the potential benefits for patients and healthcare systems.
How Far Can Technology Go To Stave Off Climate Change?
January 18, 2017 09:26 AM - Yale University
The U.S. now has two coal-burning power plants that avoid dumping carbon dioxide into the air. Petra Nova in Texas and Kemper in Mississippi use technology to stop CO2 in the smokestack and before combustion, respectively. Unfortunately, that makes two out of more than 400 coal-fired power plants in the U.S., the rest of which collectively pour 1.4 billion metric tons of the colorless, odorless greenhouse gas into the atmosphere each year. Even Kemper and Petra Nova do not capture all of the CO2 from the coal they burn, and the captured CO2 is used to scour more oil out of the ground, which is then burned, adding yet more CO2 to the atmosphere. The carbon conundrum grows more complex — and dangerous — with each passing year.