Top Stories

NASA's Great Observatories Team Up to Find Magnified and Stretched Image of Distant Galaxy
January 11, 2018 02:02 PM - NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

An intensive survey deep into the universe by NASA's Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes has yielded the proverbial needle-in-a-haystack: the farthest galaxy yet seen in an image that has been stretched and amplified by a phenomenon called gravitational lensing.

Blame it on the rain: Study ties phosphorus loading in lakes to extreme precipitation events
January 11, 2018 02:01 PM - National Science Foundation

While April showers might bring May flowers, they also contribute to toxic algae blooms, dead zones and declining water quality in U.S. lakes, reservoirs and coastal waters, a new study shows.

Marijuana Farms Expose Spotted Owls to Rat Poison in Northwest California
January 11, 2018 01:59 PM - University of California - Davis

Wildlife species are being exposed to high levels of rat poison in northwest California, with illegal marijuana farms the most likely source point, according to a study led by the University of California, Davis, with the California Academy of Sciences.

Artificial Light Matters
January 11, 2018 01:55 PM - University of Delaware

Light is an important cue for nearly all life on Earth. Plants use light for photosynthesis, animals use light to set sleep cycles, and marine organisms use light to find food, avoid predators and even hide in plain sight.

Pacific Northwest Salmon Species Has Lost Two-Thirds of Its Genetic Diversity
January 11, 2018 01:52 PM - Yale Environment 360

Chinook salmon, an iconic species in the Pacific Northwest that supports a major fishery industry and indigenous traditions, have lost up to two-thirds of their genetic diversity over the past 7,000 years, according to a new study. Scientists warn the loss could make it difficult for the species to cope with warming global temperatures and ocean acidification — environmental changes that are already impacting the fish today.

Machine learning predicts new details of geothermal heat flux beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet
January 11, 2018 11:35 AM - University of Kansas

paper appearing in Geophysical Research Letters uses machine learning to craft an improved model for understanding geothermal heat flux — heat emanating from the Earth’s interior — below the Greenland Ice Sheet. It’s a research approach new to glaciology that could lead to more accurate predictions for ice-mass loss and global sea-level rise.

Stanford mechanical engineers give breast cancer research a boost
January 11, 2018 11:25 AM - Stanford University

One of the most puzzling questions in breast cancer research is why some tumors stay put, while rogue cells from others break free and spread to surrounding tissues, the first step toward creating a more lethal disease. Although researchers have found some signs in mutated genes or telltale proteins on the cell’s surface, those discoveries don’t tell the whole story.

Study Shows Stressed Urban Insects are More Resilient in Extreme Weather
January 11, 2018 11:06 AM - Rutgers University

A study led by Amy Savage, a Rutgers University–Camden assistant professor of biology, will help researchers understand how to make predictions and conservation decisions about how organisms living in cities will respond to catastrophic weather events.

Hiding from a warmer climate in the forest
January 11, 2018 10:29 AM - Stockholm University

When studying the effect of climate change on biodiversity, it is important to consider the climate near the ground (microclimate) which a plant or an animal actually experiences. Deep shady depressions, dense old forests or places close to water for example are always considerably cooler than their surroundings.

After an Uncertain Start, U.S. Offshore Wind Is Powering Up
January 11, 2018 09:35 AM - Yale Environment 360

This summer, the Norwegian energy company, Statoil, will send a vessel to survey a triangular slice of federal waters about 15 miles south of Long Island, where the company is planning to construct a wind farm that could generate up to 1.5 gigawatts of electricity for New York City and Long Island — enough to power roughly 1 million homes. Construction on the “Empire Wind” project, with scores of wind turbines generating electricity across 79,000 acres of leased federal waters, is scheduled to begin in 2023, with construction completed in 2025.

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