Top Stories

University of Guelph Technology Helping Monitor Health of All-Important Boreal Forest
October 19, 2017 08:15 AM - University of Guelph

The boreal forest is essential to Canada and the world, storing carbon, purifying water and air, and regulating climate. But keeping tabs on the health of this vulnerable biome has proven to be a painstaking and time-consuming undertaking – until now.

Cutting-edge DNA metabarcoding technology developed by the University of Guelph can help speed up and improve the monitoring process, according to a new study published today in Scientific Reports.

Food insecurity and quality a big concern for Atlantic region's First Nations
October 19, 2017 08:15 AM - University of Ottawa

Newly published results from a study on food security and quality in First Nations communities in the Atlantic provinces show that food insecurity is rampant and that many households would like more access to traditional foods. The study found that 31% of First Nations households in the Atlantic provinces are severely or moderately food insecure, compared to the national average of 8%.

The First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (FNFNES), led by the University of Ottawa in partnership with the Assembly of First Nations and the University of Montreal, is the first national study of its kind. The recently published report for the Atlantic provinces details the dietary patterns, lifestyle and general health status of over 1,000 adults in 11 randomly selected First Nations communities.

Study Estimates about 2.1 Million People using Wells High in Arsenic
October 18, 2017 02:25 PM - United States Geological Survey

Most Arsenic Presumed to be From Naturally Occurring Sources

New Amazon Threat? Deforestation From Mining
October 18, 2017 02:10 PM - University of Vermont

Surprising amount of rainforest loss occurs on – and off – mining leases, new study finds

Illinois Sportfish Recovery a Result of 1972 Clean Water Act, Scientists Report
October 18, 2017 12:35 PM - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Populations of largemouth bass, bluegill, catfish and other sportfish are at the highest levels recorded in more than a century in the Illinois River, according to a new report. Their dramatic recovery, from populations close to zero near Chicago throughout much of the 20th century, began just after implementation of the Clean Water Act, the researchers say.

New Findings Explain How UV Rays Trigger Skin Cancer
October 18, 2017 12:33 PM - Cornell University

Melanoma, a cancer of skin pigment cells called melanocytes, will strike an estimated 87,110 people in the U.S. in 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Researchers Customize Catalysts to Boost Product Yields, Decrease Chemical Separation Costs
October 18, 2017 11:54 AM - DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

For some crystalline catalysts, what you see on the surface is not always what you get in the bulk, according to two studies led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Global Calcium Consumption Appears Low, Especially in Asia
October 18, 2017 11:30 AM - Brown University

Daily calcium intake among adults appears to vary quite widely around the world in distinct regional patterns, according to a new systematic review of research data ahead of World Osteoporosis Day on Friday, Oct. 20.

Nice Ice, Maybe? Husker Research Finds Ice Removal Can Be a Breeze
October 18, 2017 10:57 AM - University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Water-repellent surfaces and coatings could make ice removal a literal breeze by forcing ice to grow up rather than just skate by, says a new study from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and several Chinese institutions.

Living Mulch Builds Profits, Soil
October 18, 2017 10:48 AM - American Society of Agronomy

Living mulch functions like mulch on any farm or garden except — it’s alive. No, it’s not out of the latest horror movie; living mulch is a system farmers can use to benefit both profits and the soil. While the system has been around for a while, scientists at the University of Georgia are making it more efficient and sustainable.

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