• Breakthrough technology in diesel combustion results in cleaner engines

    Diesel and gasoline emissions have become some of the leading concerns regarding greenhouse gases and global climate change. While diesel engines are more efficient than gasoline-powered engines, they have serious emissions problems. A breakthrough in diesel combustion technology may soon lead to cleaner diesel engines. >> Read the Full Article
  • Worm Community Contributes to Methane Release in Ocean

    In the waters off the North Island of New Zealand lives a community of polychaetes from the family Ampharetidae. Polychaetes are essentially marine worms that burrow into sediment and create tens of thousands of tunnels in the ocean floor. As a result, these tunnels provide new conduits for methane trapped below the surface to escape. This super-charged methane seep has created its own unique food web, resulting in much more methane escaping from the ocean floor into the water column. >> Read the Full Article
  • Hope rises as new malaria vaccine shows promise

    Last week U.S. scientists with the biotech company, Sanaria, announced a possible breakthrough on an experimental malaria vaccine: an early trial led to a success rate of 80 percent for the two highest doses. >> Read the Full Article
  • Age isn't just a number: New research shows song sparrows are affected by climate change differently depending on age

    New research at the University of California, Davis, and Point Blue Conservation Science shows that song sparrows experience climate change differently at various ages. Two studies show the importance of considering the various stages and ages of individuals in a species to best predict not only how climate change could affect a species as a whole, but also why. >> Read the Full Article
  • Crowd-sourced maps may help when disasters hit

    A free online map of the world that is created by its users is helping developing nations become more resilient to disasters, the Open Source Convention in Portland, United States, heard last month (22-26 July). >> Read the Full Article
  • Does size matter (for lemur smarts, that is)?

    Does size matter? When referring to primate brain size and its relation to social intelligence, scientists at Duke University do not think the answer is a simple yes or no. In the past, scientists have correlated large brain size to large group size. However, in a new study published in PLoS ONE, scientists at Duke University provide evidence that large social networks, rather than large brains, contribute to social cognition, favoring the evolution of social intelligence. >> Read the Full Article
  • Common Table Salt, Extraordinary Abilities

    When thinking of common table salt, the term "extraordinary" doesn’t often come to mind. But recent discoveries show that the potential for table salt far exceed simply adding flavor to food. Chemists at Oregon State University found that simple sodium chloride, or table salt, has the ability to enable the commercial mass production of silicon nanostructures at significantly reduced costs. >> Read the Full Article
  • GM rice delivers antibodies against deadly rotavirus

    A strain of rice genetically engineered to protect against diarrhoeal disease could offer a cost-effective way to protect children in developing countries, according a study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. >> Read the Full Article
  • The Controversy Surrounding Fracking

    The father of fracking, George Mitchell, passed away July 26, leaving many to think about the legacy he leaves behind. Though he didn't exactly invent fracking, the Houston native revolutionized the process by introducing horizontal drilling in the 1990s. Even more than two decades later, Mitchell's process of fracking is still a touchy subject. Though many are thrilled by the natural gas goldmine his drilling taps into, a lot of controversy surrounds the process, especially where the environment is concerned. What is fracking? For millions of years, organisms found in rock formations buried deep under the ground have decomposed, creating natural gases. However, because the formations are so deep under Earth's surface, the gas deposits were trapped in pockets and not easily accessible. It didn't take long to discover that drilling into rock formations could break them, making it easy to extract the resources inside... >> Read the Full Article
  • Saudi Arabia to Launch Online Atlas of Renewable Resources

    Saudi Arabia is launching an online atlas of renewable resources as part of a wider project to identify the potential renewable energy sources and where best to deploy technology to tap into those resources. The atlas data will be available in late 2013, published online through the Renewable Resource Monitoring and Mapping programme. >> Read the Full Article