From: Vassilis Triandafyllou, reuters
Published August 26, 2007 04:17 PM

Greek Fires Kill 56, Threaten Ancient Olympia

ANCIENT OLYMPIA, Greece - Firefighters battled to save ancient Olympia on Sunday as Greece's worst forest fires in decades ravaged hills around the historic site and the death toll rose to 56.


Thick black smoke billowed above the ancient ruins as dense pine and cypress woods burned around the site of the first Olympic Games and fire brigades evacuated nearby villages on Greece's southern Peloponnese peninsula.


"The fire reached the hill overlooking ancient Olympia but was stopped just before entering the archaeological site," said a fire brigade spokesman. "Six planes, two helicopters, 15 fire engines and 45 firemen participated in the effort."


The fires scorched the yard of the museum, housing a number of famous classical sculptures such as Hermes by Praxiteles and other finds from the ruins of the temples and sports facilities, Greek television said.


Ancient Olympia boasts the ruins of the stadium and pagan temples that hosted the Olympics for centuries from 776 BC and is the site of an Olympic flame ceremony every two years.


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"Here it is, the contrast: ancient Greece gave the world civilisation and modern Greece gives it destruction," a resident of ancient Olympia told Alter TV station.


Since Friday, towering walls of flame have cut a swathe of destruction through the Peloponnese and swept across other regions, prompting Greece to declare a nationwide state of emergency on Saturday.


Firefighters and planes from other European Union countries have joined the battle.


The fires have covered Athens in white ash, forced thousands to flee their villages and burned about 500 homes and thousands of hectares of forest and farmland.


DEATH TOLL RISES


The death toll rose to 56, including a mother clutching her children, and an elderly woman found burnt just outside ancient Olympia.


"The church bells are ringing. It's hell here," a resident from Oinoi village north of Olympia said by phone on television. "In the name of God, where are the firefighters? Where is the help?"


Fire brigades, stretched to their limit by scores of blazes, threw reinforcements from Greece's EU partners into action to fight blazes stretching over 160 km (100 miles) across the Peloponnese, the island of Evia and near Athens.


Two French and one Italian fire-fighting plane dropped water on burning hillsides south of the capital and 60 firefighters from Cyprus joined the fray. More help was expected on Sunday and Monday from at least 11 countries.


From the Peloponnese to Evia, northeast of Athens, residents used garden hoses and buckets in futile efforts to save their homes. Floating ash swirled round the temples on the Acropolis above the capital, and the smell of smoke permeated the city.


The worst forest fires in decades broke out on Friday and soon erupted on scores of fronts around the country, prompting Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis to blame arsonists.


The government, which faces snap elections on September 16, has been criticised for reacting too slowly to forest fires that killed 10 people earlier this summer and the recent spate of blazes are sure to become a central election campaign issue.


Politicians interrupted their campaigning because of the fires and flags flew at half mast for three days of mourning.


"If they had any self-respect, all politicians would resign. There is no state and they are all absent," said a resident in the village of Haria in the Peloponnese.


(Additional reporting by Dina Kyriakidou, George Hatzidakis and Renee Maltezou in Athens)


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