UN roadmap paves way for curbing biopiracy
Countries have agreed a roadmap for negotiating an agreement for the sharing of genetic resources, following a UN biodiversity conference.
The two-week conference in Bonn, Germany, ended last month (30 May) with renewed promises from countries to substantially reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010.
The conference set out a roadmap for negotiations on access and benefit sharing (ABS) of genetic resources to help curb biopiracy. Delegates discussed and tentatively agreed a variety of options on elements for the future agreement that could be legally binding, non-binding or a combination of the two.
Participants hope to reach a global agreement on ABS at the next UN biodiversity conference in Nagoya, Japan, in 2010.
Xue Dayuan, director of the China Institute of Environment and Resources Protection for Minority Areas and a member of China's delegation to the conference, says the roadmap anchors the diverse debates over the issues and narrows down action to a set of suitable options that could be further explored.
But environmental groups have expressed scepticism, saying developed nations have failed to offer enough financial aid to developing countries for biodiversity protection.
Xue says previous efforts for biodiversity protection focused too much on funding from the developed world, and that countries should develop their economy first in order to fund their own, more sustainable, protection measures.
"China, together with other fast-developing countries like India, could offer an exemplar in realising economic growth with relatively less destruction of biodiversity."
According to the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection, China had established 2,531 natural reserves by the end of 2007, covering more than 15 per cent of its land.
China's vice environment minister Wu Xiaoqing pledged a "strong commitment" at the conference to participating in global biodiversity protection.
Delegates at the conference also agreed action plans to expand nature reserves and launch the 'Life Web Initiative,' a network that aims to enhance partnerships to support the preserves. For example, an online database will help global funders match nature reserves to finance.
Germany pledged €500 million (US$775 million) over the next four years to aid global forest protection, particularly those in developing countries, and another €500 million each year after that.
Norway also announced plans to spend €600 million (US$936 million) on global forest conservation annually over the next three years.