Afghans and Pakistanis "squeezing" Taliban and al Qaeda
By Robert Birsel
KABUL (Reuters) - Al Qaeda and Taliban militants on the Afghan-Pakistani border are increasingly facing pressure on two fronts and they can be squeezed with more coordination between the neighbors, a U.S. official said on Monday.
The Taliban have been battling U.S. and other foreign troops in Afghanistan since 2001.
Pakistani forces have also been fighting the militants, based in semi-autonomous tribal regions along the border, who have unleashed an unprecedented wave of violence in Pakistan since the middle of last year.
"To some extent, the extremists in those areas are now fighting on two fronts," U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Richard Boucher told a news conference in Kabul.
"They have to deal with pressures from the Pakistan side and the pressure from the Afghan side. The more we can do that in concert with each other, the more squeezed the al Qaeda and Taliban supporters in those areas will feel," said Boucher who makes regular trips to both Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden is believed to be hiding out somewhere along the mountainous border.
Relations between the neighbors have been dogged by Afghan complaints Pakistan is not doing enough to wipe out Taliban sanctuaries and stop the flow of fighters and arms into Afghanistan.
But Boucher cited what he called renewed energy in relations between the two countries.
"What I have found in our discussions is a real commitment to work together, to coordinate with each other ... more intensely," he said.
"A LOT OF DETERMINATION"
A new Pakistani government, facing widespread opposition to Pakistan's alliance with the United States, has called for a reassessment of efforts against militancy and has said it will try to open negotiations with militants.
That has raised questions about Pakistan's security policy, especially with old U.S. ally President Pervez Musharraf, who has overseen security for years, politically weak since his allies were defeated in a general election in February.
But Boucher said the Pakistanis were determined to tackle the problem.
"What we're seeing is now, first of all, a lot of Pakistanis unfortunately getting killed but also a lot of determination on the Pakistani side to deal with it," he said.
"We're working very hard with the new Pakistani government to take advantage of the opportunity to build democracy and help work with them against extremism," he said.
Boucher also dismissed Taliban threats of more violence.
"The Taliban threats this year of a winter wave seem to have gone the way of last year's spring offensive: it never really happened," he said.
Boucher welcomed efforts to improve coordination of international help for Afghanistan but said the country still faced big problems.
He cited weak governance, particularly at the local level, corruption and narcotics, which he said fed into graft and the insurgency.
Afghanistan is the world's largest producer of opium, the raw material for heroin, and in some areas the Taliban are in league with the drug runners, security officials say.
(Editing by Valerie Lee)