Top Stories

Smoke Blankets the Amazon

In the absence of human intervention, most of the forests in the Amazon River basin are too wet to burn. Yet for as long as scientists have observed the region by satellite, they have detected an abundance of fire activity, especially during the driest months of the year.

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Scientists Harness Artificial Intelligence to Advance Ability to Measure Arctic Sea Ice and Improve Climate Forecasting

Pioneering research deploying Artificial Intelligence (AI) and satellite modelling means the thickness of Arctic sea ice can be measured all year round for the first time, bringing significant benefits for future weather forecasts and shipping in the region.

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Stanford Researchers Model Thawing at Base of Antarctic Ice Sheet

Across Antarctica, some parts of the base of the ice sheet are frozen, while others are thawed.

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Conifer Communication Is Complex and Can Be Altered by Air Pollution

A new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that upon attack by bark-feeding weevils, conifers release substantial quantities of volatile organic compounds that provide important cues to neighbouring seedlings.

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Forests’ Carbon Uptake Will Be Compromised by Climate Change, Leaf Temperature Study Suggests

A new study led by Oregon State University suggests leaves in forest canopies are not able to cool themselves below the surrounding air temperature, likely meaning trees’ ability to avoid damaging temperature increases, and to pull carbon from the atmosphere, will be compromised in a warmer, drier climate.

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Researchers Identify How Science Can Help Cities and Companies to Operate Within Earth System Limits

What businesses and cities must do to stay within ‘safe and just’ environmental limits for carbon, water, nutrients, land and other natural resources is the subject of a new set of recommendations from Earth Commission experts.

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Study Quantifies Impact of Human Activity on Atlantic Rainforest’s Carbon Storage Capacity

The countless benefits of native forests include the capacity of tree biomass to store large amounts of carbon, which can counterbalance greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. 

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Decarbonising the Energy System by 2050 Could Save Trillions

Transitioning to a decarbonised energy system by around 2050 is expected to save the world at least $12 trillion compared to continuing our current levels of fossil fuel use.

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WPI Researchers Receive New Funding for Sustainable Concrete Substitute

Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) researchers Nima Rahbar and Suzanne Scarlata have received $692,386 from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to improve and develop new functions for their Enzymatic Construction Material (ECM), a “living” low-cost negative-emission construction material they created to address one of the largest contributors to climate change—concrete—by providing what they refer to as “a pathway to repair or even replace [traditional] concrete in the future.”

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Now’s the Time to Plant Winter Cover Crops to Prepare Soil for Next Year’s Vegetable Garden

No one wants to think of harvest’s end as the vegetable garden reaches peak, but now’s the time to plant over-winter cover crops to improve your soil for next season.

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