21
Wed, Feb

Team Of 100 Scientists Unlock Secrets Of Amazing Green Algae

Typography
Los Angeles - Culminating a three-year research project, 115 scientists from around the world report in the Oct. 12 issue of the journal Science a "gold mine" of data on a tiny green alga called Chlamydomonas, with implications for human diseases.

The single-celled Chlamydomonas, a slimy organism that grows in soil and ponds, has approximately 15,000 genes, and scientists now know 95 percent of the sequence of its genome. Several years ago, they knew less than 2 percent.
 
Merchant joined the UCLA faculty in 1987. She has been awarded research grants from the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Energy Department and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

For the Science paper, most of the sequence analysis was supported by U.S. Energy Department and the Joint Genome Institute; some aspects of the research were federally funded by the National Science Foundation through a grant to Grossman of the Carnegie Institution Department of Plant Biology.

In addition to Merchant, Prochnik, Rokhsar and Grossman, authors on the paper include Olivier Vallon of CNRS at Université Paris 6, Elizabeth Harris of Duke University, Steven Karpowicz of UCLA, George Witman of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Astrid Terry of the Joint Genome Institute; Asaf Salamov of the Joint Genome Institute, Lillian Fritz-Laylin of UC Berkeley, Laurence Marechal-Drouard of the Institut de Bioloigie Moléculaire des Plantes, Wallace Marshall of UC San Francisco, Liang-Hu Qu of Zhongshan University in China; David Nelson of the University of Tennessee, Anton Sanderfoot of the University of Minnesota, Martin Spalding of Iowa State University, Vladimir Kapitonov of the Genetic Information Research Institute, Qinghu Ren of the Institute for Genome Research, Patrick Ferris of the Salk Institute, Erika Lindquist of the Joint Genome Institute, Harris Shapiro of the Joint Genome Institute, Susan Lucas of the Joint Genome Institute, Jane Grimwood of Stanford University School of Medicine, Jeremy Schmutz of Stanford University School of Medicine, Igor Grigoriev of the Joint Genome Institute, the Chlamydomonas Annotation Team and the Joint Genome Institute Annotation Team.

UCLA
is California's largest university, with an enrollment of nearly 37,000 undergraduate and graduate students. The UCLA College of Letters and Science and the university's 11 professional schools feature renowned faculty and offer more than 300 degree programs and majors. UCLA is a national and international leader in the breadth and quality of its academic, research, health care, cultural, continuing education and athletic programs. Four alumni and five faculty have been awarded the Nobel Prize.