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Turning tide on greenhouse gases

Imagine a day when emissions spewing from power plants and heavy industry are captured and fed into catalytic reactors that chemically transform greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, into industrial fuels or chemicals that emit only oxygen.

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Streamside Forests Store Tons of Carbon

Restoring degraded forests is a critical strategy for addressing climate change given the potential for forests to store significant amounts of carbon, both in the trees and the soil.  However, despite extensive efforts to restore streamside forests globally, the carbon storage potential of these forests is often overlooked. In a new effort from Point Blue Conservation Science and Santa Clara University, researchers led by Dr. Kristen Dybala compiled carbon storage data from 117 publications, reports, and other data sets on streamside forests around the world. This inquiry is the first of its kind to evaluate global results on the potential carbon storage benefits of streamside forests.

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Batteryless smart devices closer to reality

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have taken a huge step towards making smart devices that do not use batteries or require charging.

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Fish’s Brain Size Influenced by Habitat, New U of G Study Reveals

The busier the neighbourhood, the bigger the brain — at least for pumpkinseed sunfish, according to a pioneering study by University of Guelph biologists.

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Scientists Identify the Mechanism for Global Warming Slowdown in the Early 2000s

Global warming has been attributed to persistent increases in atmospheric greenhouse gasses (GHGs), especially in CO2, since 1870, the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Nevertheless, the upward trend in global mean surface temperature (GMST) slowed or even paused during the first decade of the twenty-first century, even though CO2 levels continued to rise and reached nearly 400 ppm in 2013. This episode has typically been termed the global warming hiatus or slowdown in warming. The hiatus is characterized as a near-zero trend over a period. Detection found that the hiatus appeared during 2001-2013/2002-2012 with extremely weak interannual variability in some GMST sequences, and the slowdown in the others.

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Renewable Energy Cooperatives, An Opportunity for Energy Transition

Three researchers from the UPV/EHU’s Faculty of Engineering - Bilbao and the University of Valladolid have explored how renewable energy cooperatives have evolved.

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Conservation Areas Help Birdlife Adapt to Climate Change

A warming climate is pushing organisms towards the circumpolar areas and mountain peaks. A recently conducted Finnish study on changes in bird populations reveals that protected areas slow down the north-bound retreat of species.

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Farmer adjustments offset climate change impacts in corn production

There is widespread concern that global warming will have a strong negative effect on crop yields.

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First known use of colored rocks in fish nest decoration

Cutlip minnows, a species of small fish that inhabit streams, could be described as the master interior decorators of the fish world.

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Pollution in Cities Damaging Insects and Ecosystems

High levels of pollution found in many of the world’s major cities are having negative effects on plants and insects, according to new research from the University of Sheffield.

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